Dotted Name Resolution

The zope.dottedname module provides one function, resolve that resolves strings containing dotted names into the appropriate python object.

Dotted names are resolved by importing modules and by getting attributes from imported modules. Names may be relative, provided the module they are relative to is supplied.

Here are some examples of importing absolute names:

>>> from zope.dottedname.resolve import resolve

>>> resolve('unittest')
<module 'unittest' from '...'>

>>> resolve('datetime.datetime')
<type 'datetime.datetime'>

>>> resolve('datetime.datetime.now')
<built-in method now of type object at ...>

>>> resolve('non existent module')
Traceback (most recent call last):
...
ImportError: No module named non existent module

>>> resolve('__doc__')
Traceback (most recent call last):
...
ImportError: No module named __doc__

>>> resolve('datetime.foo')
Traceback (most recent call last):
...
ImportError: No module named foo

>>> resolve('os.path.split').__name__
'split'

Here are some examples of importing relative names:

>>> resolve('.split', 'os.path')
<function split at ...>

>>> resolve('..system', 'os.path')
<built-in function system>

>>> resolve('...datetime', 'os.path')
<module 'datetime' ...>

NB: When relative names are imported, a module the name is relative to must be supplied:

>>> resolve('.split').__name__
Traceback (most recent call last):
...
ValueError: relative name without base module

CHANGES

4.0.1 (unreleased)

  • Nothing changed yet.

4.0.0 (2013-02-05)

  • Made tests pass on Python 3.2, 3.3 and PyPy.
  • Added support for continuous integration using tox.

3.4.6 (2009-09-15)

  • Make tests pass on python26.

3.4.5 (2009-01-27)

  • Move README.txt in the egg, so tests works with the released egg as well.

3.4.4 (2009-01-27)

  • Fix ReST in README.txt, fix broken tests with recent zope.testing.

3.4.3 (2008-12-02)

  • More documentation and tests.

3.4.2 (2007-10-02)

  • Fix broken release.

3.4.1 (2007-10-02)

  • Updated package meta-data.

3.4.0 (2007-07-19)

  • Initial Zope-independent release.