Class
docutils.transforms.frontmatter.DocTitle

In reStructuredText, there is no way to specify a document title and subtitle explicitly. Instead, we can supply the document title (and possibly the subtitle as well) implicitly, and use this two-step transform to "raise" or "promote" the title(s) (and their corresponding section contents) to the document level.

  1. If the document contains a single top-level section as its first non-comment element, the top-level section's title becomes the document's title, and the top-level section's contents become the document's immediate contents. The lone top-level section header must be the first non-comment element in the document.

    For example, take this input text:

    =================
     Top-Level Title
    =================
    
    A paragraph.
    

    Once parsed, it looks like this:

    <document>
        <section names="top-level title">
            <title>
                Top-Level Title
            <paragraph>
                A paragraph.
    

    After running the DocTitle transform, we have:

    <document names="top-level title">
        <title>
            Top-Level Title
        <paragraph>
            A paragraph.
    
  2. If step 1 successfully determines the document title, we continue by checking for a subtitle.

    If the lone top-level section itself contains a single second-level section as its first non-comment element, that section's title is promoted to the document's subtitle, and that section's contents become the document's immediate contents. Given this input text:

    =================
     Top-Level Title
    =================
    
    Second-Level Title
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    
    A paragraph.
    

    After parsing and running the Section Promotion transform, the result is:

    <document names="top-level title">
        <title>
            Top-Level Title
        <subtitle names="second-level title">
            Second-Level Title
        <paragraph>
            A paragraph.
    

    (Note that the implicit hyperlink target generated by the "Second-Level Title" is preserved on the "subtitle" element itself.)

Any comment elements occurring before the document title or subtitle are accumulated and inserted as the first body elements after the title(s).

This transform also sets the document's metadata title (document['title']).

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